Luisi group

New crystal form of the Pseudomonas putida branched-chain dehydrogenase (E1)

New crystal form of the Pseudomonas putida branched-chain dehydrogenase (E1)

The pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) multienzyme complex is central to oxidative metabolism. We present the first crystal structure of a complex between pyruvate decarboxylase (E1) and the peripheral subunit binding domain (PSBD) of the dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase (E2). The interface is dominated by a "charge zipper" of networked salt bridges. Remarkably, the PSBD uses essentially the same zipper to alternately recognize the dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3) component of the PDH assembly.

Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 bound to the peripheral subunit binding domain of E2

Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 bound to the peripheral subunit binding domain of E2

Thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is used as a cofactor in many key metabolic enzymes. We present evidence that the ThDPs in the two active sites of the E1 (EC 1.2.4.1) component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex communicate over a distance of 20 angstroms by reversibly shuttling a proton through an acidic tunnel in the protein. This "proton wire" permits the co-factors to serve reciprocally as general acid/base in catalysis and to switch the conformation of crucial active-site peptide loops.

Crystals structure of E. coli RNase E apoprotein - catalytic domain

Crystals structure of E. coli RNase E apoprotein - catalytic domain

RNase E is an essential bacterial endoribonuclease involved in the turnover of messenger RNA and the maturation of structured RNA precursors in Escherichia coli. Here, we present the crystal structure of the E. coli RNase E catalytic domain in the apo-state at 3.3 A. This structure indicates that, upon catalytic activation, RNase E undergoes a marked conformational change characterized by the coupled movement of two RNA-binding domains to organize the active site.

E. coli 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E10)

E. coli 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E10)

The thiamine-dependent E1o component (EC 1.2.4.2) of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex catalyses a rate-limiting step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) of aerobically respiring organisms. We describe the crystal structure of Escherichia coli E1o in its apo and holo forms at 2.6 Å and 3.5 Å resolution, respectively.

Crystal structure of the bacterial membrane protein TolC central to multidrug efflux and protein export

Crystal structure of the bacterial membrane protein TolC central to multidrug efflux and protein export

Diverse molecules, from small antibacterial drugs to large protein toxins, are exported directly across both cell membranes of gram-negative bacteria. This export is brought about by the reversible interaction of substrate-specific inner-membrane proteins with an outer-membrane protein of the TolC family, thus bypassing the intervening periplasm. Here we report the 2.1-A crystal structure of TolC from Escherichia coli, revealing a distinctive and previously unknown fold.

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Crystallographic and functional studies of regulatory assemblies and molecular machines


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